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Special Economic Zones

Gujarat has the distinction of being the first state to enact the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) Act, 2004. Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are growth engines that can boost manufacturing, augment exports and generate employment. The Government has introduced the scheme of SEZs in order to provide a hassle free operational regime and encompassing state of the art infrastructure and support services.

Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a specifically delineated duty free enclave and shall be deemed to be foreign territory for the purpose of trade and operations and duty and tariffs. SEZ units may be set up for manufacture of goods and for rendering of services – public, private or joint sector or by the State Government.

SEZs, cover industrial and labour aspects, including flexible labour laws and exit options. The Gujarat SEZ Act, 2004 has made key provisions with respect to the appointment and termination of labour for units established in SEZs.

The concept of ‘Fixed Term Employment’ introduced by the SEZ Act has helped in accounting for the least manpower days lost due to labour strife, among comparable industrial states.

SEZs in Gujarat approved by the MoCI, New Delhi as on 30/09/2008
Formal approval to SEZsLand recommendation by
GOG for SEZs (in hectare)
Functional SEZs before enactment of Act 506.54 03
*Notified and Functional *9808.6207
Notified SEZs6114.1715
Formal approval to SEZs7733.0924
In-principle approval to SEZs5231.4111
* LOA issued by GoI to the units in SEZs is considered as Notified and operational *

Key Sector wise break up of
Special Economic Zones:
Electronics, IT/ ITES 17
Engineering 10
Textiles & Apparels 4

SEZ Approval Sectors
Multi Product SEZ 12
Electronics and IT / ITES 17
Engineering 10
Pharmaceuticals 4
Chemicals 4
Apparel and Textiles 4
Biotech 1
Port Based Multi Product SEZ 1
Power : 1
Gems and Jewellery 1
Handicrafts and Artisan 2
Non conventional Energy 1
Multi services (GIFT) 2
Ceramic SEZ (GIDC) 1
FTZW (LMJ Warehousing 1


SEZ may be established under SEZ Act, either jointly or severally by the Central Government, state Government, or any person for manufacture of goods or rendering Services or for both or as a Free trade and Warehousing Zone.

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