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Industrial Parks

Industrial Parks - An Industrial Estate where infrastructure facilities required for Industries and Service Sector Activities like :
Developed Land/Plot
Water Distribution
Sewerage Collection and Treatment
Internal Roads
Communication Network
Effluent Treatment and Disposal Facilities for treated effluents
Any other Service Required
The Industrial Parks Scheme came to existence in Gujarat in the year 2002. This Scheme is known as ‘Industrial Parks Scheme 2002’ through Private Agencies.

The Industrial Policy of Gujarat emphasize on creating more opportunities in Industrial, Commercial and Service Sectors to accelerate the flow of Industrial Investment. With the Sales Tax Incentive schemes removed, there has been adequate Investment Opportunities with qualitative facilities and enhanced Infrastructure. As such, the State Government has its plans on Infrastructure Development and providing Social amenities on a bigger scale. It attracts Industrialists and Entrepreneurs to set their business in the Established Estates.
Types of Industrial Parks :
Industrial Projects
Readymade Garment and Hosiery.
Diamond Cutting and Polishing.
Gems and Jewellery.
Handloom and Handicraft.
Leather- based products
Mineral Industries.
Other industries like Brass Parts, Engineering Industry etc.
Hi Tech Parks
Biotechnology Park.
Pharmaceutical Park.
Information Technology Park.
Clinical Testing.
Investment Oriented Parks
An industrial park which is not included under the scheme of employment-oriented park or hi-tech park, and in which the total fixed capital investment in industrial units being established shall be Rs 500 crore or more, including the investment made for setting up of industrial park.
Export Oriented Parks
Export Oriented Park - a unit, which exports more than 50% of its production. It is aimed, Exports are doubled in the coming ten years and also attract private sector more in infrastructure services.
Eco Industrial Parks
State Govt. aims for ‘Zero Waste’ through Eco Industrial Parks that can play a vital role in preserving the state’s natural beauty. Conservation and management tools such as eco-industrial parks (EIP) have tremendous relevance in maintaining the purity of nature and environment. An eco-industrial park- an industrial park in which businesses cooperate with each other and with the local community in an attempt to reduce waste and pollution, efficiently share resources (such as information, materials, water, energy, infrastructure, and natural resources), and help achieve sustainable development, with the intention of increasing economic gains and improving environmental quality.
The following segment fall in category to avail Industrial Parks Scheme :
Private agencies, an association of industrialists and co-operative societies (Registered under Society Act)
Federation or Chamber of Commerce and Industries
Partnership firm
Registered trust or a company (Registered under Companies Act, 1956)

The actual expenditure incurred for developing these facilities are as per the considerations of eligible investment. The Industrial Parks/Estates are required to have minimum Infrastructure facilities as per its Categories.

Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) has taken up many initiatives for upgrading the infrastructure of Industrial estates in Gujarat since its inception. Some of the measures taken up include categorization of existing estates, facelift of existing infrastructure leveraging from critical infrastructure scheme and implementation of appropriate cost recovers mechanism.

As per the Industrial Policy, the state government has also considered giving subsidy on the expenditure incurred for developing infrastructure required for setting up medium and large scale industrial projects.
Infrastructure Facilities required in Industrial Estates/Industry Clusters/Industry Areas :
Approach road from industrial estate; area to Airport, Port or Highway.
Over bridge on road/railway
Up gradation of existing roads/widening of road
Construction of by pass road
Setting up of Earth station/Communication facilities
Water distribution network and related facilities
Gas/electricity/energy distribution network and related facilities
Setting up of warehousing facilities and related facilities
Facilities Centre
Product Development Centre
Training Center
Testing Centre
R & D Institution and/or any common facilities centre
Any other infrastructure facility required in the area specific to Industry

Of the other Additional Facilities such as, Networking facilities, Trauma center, Resource Centre, Business Support services and other Social Infrastructure of Hospitals, Schools, etc. are required as per the norms and the Schemes on Project proposals approval.

The PPP model - Public Private Partnership plays a vital role for development of new Industrial Estates with its Role of Implementation under PPP basis, i.e. Developed, financed, constructed, maintained and operated by a Private Sector Company to be selected by the Government or Government agency through a process of Developer selection as specified in the Gujarat Infrastructure Development (GID)Act- 1999.

The Eligible Investment proposals for the Industrial Parks need to be identified and the Fixed Capital Investments in the project proposal is considered for approval in the Implementation committee. Quantum of Assistance and State contribution is considered as per the Implementations of the proposals.

Gujarat is considered to be one of the leading industrial states in India. Its manufacturing sector is constantly growing with the small and medium enterprise (SME) sector playing a significant role in shaping the manufacturing sector and taking it to towering heights.
Sector List for Private Industrial Parks :
Chemicals and PetrochemicalsPharmaceuticals and Biotechnology
Textiles and GarmentsGems and Jewellery
Engineering and Auto Mines and Mineral
IT and Electronics

Key Players
The chemical industry in Gujarat accounts for half of the annual investment in the state and contributes to more than 20 percent of India's chemical output.
The gems and jewellery industry in Gujarat accounts for over 80 percent of India's total diamond exports.
Gujarat is rich in bio-resources and has a forest cover of 1.88 billion hectares.
Good reserve of mineral resources especially limestone, lignite and bauxite.
Producer of horticultural crops with over 10.7 million hectares of highly diversified cropping area.
Gujarat accounts for 40 per cent of India's pharmaceutical production.
State cooperative Federations have progressed rural Gujarat.
Gujarat has set up single window facilities at the district level and a provision is made for converting the Industrial Park into an SEZ, with status of deemed foreign territory, where no Central Taxation rules apply.
http://www.gswan.gov.in, Gujarat State Wide Area Network Vibrant Gujarat Gujarat Tourism : External website that opens in a new window http://india.gov.in, The National Portal of India https://www.digitalgujarat.gov.in/, Digital Gujarat